Architecture ranging from the Pyramids to the Roman Arches to even the World Trade Centre Tower in NYC have two things in common: great architecture and inspiration from basic shapes. The designs of these standing structures are attained through the great mathematical attribute of geometric shapes. No structure can stand without having a thorough knowledge of the shapes. Through the evolution of modern architecture, few major shapes have been influencing the designs a lot. Here is more about it.
Rectangles and squares
Most of the commercial designs are square or rectangular. This is because it is easier to build these shapes, is faster to implement, and is very economical to get built through using materials like brick, wood, concrete, or stone. These shapes are also very easy to get reconciled with having the least wastage. The designs that are built at 90 degrees are very much stable and sturdy. They align best with any plane designs the buildings are built with. This shape incorporation also helps better regulation of air circulation and temperature.
Triangle is the single most structurally sound shape in architecture. Unlike the former shapes, this cannot be distorted without disassembling them. This being the most robust structure, the triangles are also used along the diagonals of rectangles and squares to strengthen them. The architecture uses triangles to help remove lateral distortion by weight redirection from a smaller point to a larger one. This principle can also support bridges built on triangles. Modern construction prioritizes the usage of triangles for ease of analysis. Any build can be changed as per the varying requirements.
The circles have been one of the pillars of modern architecture for it being the strongest shape of them all. The circle is so strong because of the entire weight getting distributed along the arc instead of it getting focused just at a single point. The structure draws in lateral force and all the interconnected points relieve themselves of the upward pressure. The execution of a circular design might be the toughest or the most complicated, but it has the least surface area as compared to others. This means it would require lesser materials, lesser labor, and lesser cost. Incorporating this shape also improves the ventilation of high ceilings.
Stendel Reich commercial architects utilize these basic yet very astonishing shapes in their designs to innovate them ahead of other architects.